Kourosh Fathi Vajargah (Professor, Shahid Beheshti University, Iran)
THE INFLUENCE OF ICT ON FUTURE OF INTERNATIONALIZATION OF HIGHER EDUCATION: Exploring Approaches Regarding New Technologies
Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have been a contentious issue for higher education institutions around the world. ICTs provide new opportunities for higher education including facilitating teaching and learning, internationalisation of Higher Education (IOH), curriculum enrichment, social networking, virtual training, mobile learning etc. Through past centuries, students and even university professors have been moving to other countries in order to expand their knowledge and cultural horizons. However, in recent decades increasing development of internet, information and communication technology and international exchange, etc. have transformed traditional approach of the universities; and international student admission policy has become one of the main priorities of the universities. This presentation is based on an overview and analysis of ICT related research developments on IOH with a more in depth look at current and future developments especially new technologies and trends such as MOOCs, Gamification, and Cloud computing…
This paper also discusses two main approaches regarding ICT and IOH. The first one is an instrumental approach regarding ICT and envisages it as an instrument for improving the quality of education and IOH or what has been called as “Internationalisation at Home”. The reason behind this popular approach is that ICT is similar to any other technological advancement that earlier human generations have developed and new ICT based technologies should be considered as some gadgets (technologies) that can be employed to promote the IOH. A re-conceptualist and non-instrumental approach, however considers ICT as a symbol of a new of civilization which considers the world population needs to be served as global citizens in the shadow of World Trade Organization (WTO) proposal for considering education as an international commodity. This approach brings new dramatically changes for higher education and IOH and the main concern here is reconceptualization of higher education and IOH in age of ICT. In this approach we should discuss and explore and even redefine the purpose, philosophy, nature and role of emerging ICT based technologies in higher education.
Kourosh Fathi Vajargah –Professor of Curriculum Studies, Chairman –Department of Education Editor in chief, Journal of Higher education curriculum Shahid Beheshti University Iran Kourosh Fathi Vajargah, MA, PhD, is a professor of Curriculum Studies at Shahid Behehsti (National) University of Iran, School of Education and Psychology and head of Department of Education. His interests include curriculum concerns in higher education, the use of technologies to support teaching and learning and curriculum studies in workplace learning and professional development.
He has undertaken significant consultancy work for the Ministry of Education in Iran. He is also chief editor of Journal of Curriculum Studies in Higher Education and Journal of Management and Planning in Educational Systems. Prof. Kourosh Fathi Vajargah has published extensively on curriculum matters in higher education and informal learning.